Dryness and irritation are normal, but there are ways to improve some of the symptoms of menopause. During menopause, women experience a drop in estrogen levels and physical changes to the vagina , vulva, and vaginal opening , which can cause symptoms like dryness and urinary tract infections. These changes, which used to be called vaginal atrophy, are now known as genitourinary syndrome of menopause GSM , a condition that affects more than half of postmenopausal women , according to a research review published in December in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The good news is that these changes can be treated — and reversed, says Dr.
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Menopause likely conjures images of hot flashes and mood swings. But have you ever thought about how the change impacts your vagina? Turns out, the decrease in estrogen that happens during menopause affects more than your mood and your cycle—it can also cause physical changes to your nether regions. From dryness to changes in the size and shape of your vagina, these changes can be significant but are considered normal, she notes. Estrogen helps keep your vaginal walls lubricated.
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Vaginal atrophy atrophic vaginitis is thinning, drying and inflammation of the vaginal walls that may occur when your body has less estrogen. Vaginal atrophy occurs most often after menopause. For many women, vaginal atrophy not only makes intercourse painful but also leads to distressing urinary symptoms. Because the condition causes both vaginal and urinary symptoms, doctors use the term "genitourinary syndrome of menopause GSM " to describe vaginal atrophy and its accompanying symptoms.
Womb cancer is the 4th most common cancer in women in the UK. We don't know what causes most womb cancers. But there are some factors that can increase your risk of developing it. Anything that increases your risk of getting a disease is called a risk factor.