An imperforate anus, also known as an anorectal malformation ARM , involves the lack of an anal opening, or the lack of the proper size or abnormal location of the anal opening, which is present at birth congenital. Imperforate anus is considered a very rare congenital condition. The condition often involves an abnormal fistula tunnel that connects the rectum or the colon to the vagina or the bladder. It requires surgical correction to repair the abnormality. To get an idea of exactly what and where this defect is, it may help to understand the function of the rectum and the anus as it pertains to digestion.
Anorectal malformation ARM , also called imperforate anus im PUR for ut AY nus , is a condition where a baby is born with an abnormality of the anal opening. This defect happens while the baby is growing during pregnancy. The cause is unknown. These abnormalities can keep a baby from having normal bowel movements. It happens in both males and females. At birth, your child will have an exam to check the position and presence of her anal opening.
Anorectal Malformations in Children: What Causes Anorectal malformation and How to Correct Them?
A congenital condition is one that develops in utero the womb and is present at birth. When an infant is born with EA, the upper part of the esophagus does not properly connect with the lower esophagus and stomach, preventing swallowed food from passing through normally. Esophageal atresia is one of several different types of gastrointestinal atresia a blockage somewhere along the intestinal tract ; EA is the most common type. EA often occurs with a congenital malformation called tracheoesophageal fistula TEF , which is a condition involving an abnormal connection between the esophagus and the trachea windpipe.
Anorectal malformations are congenital birth defects that occur during pregnancy. The malformation occurs in the lower part of the digestive tract where the anus and rectum do not form properly. In later weeks, while the baby is growing in the uterus, many other organs undergo development.